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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-33

Awareness and willingness to pledge for eye donation among adult population of an urban re-settlement colony of Delhi


1 Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College & Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College & Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India
3 Director Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College & Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India
4 Country Project Manager, John Snow India Pvt Ltd
5 Director Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College & Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Priyanka
Assistant professor, Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College & Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, 110001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2395-2113.251345

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Introduction: Blindness is one of the major public health problems in India. Visual rehabilitation by corneal transplantation remains a major treatment option in those who are already blind due to corneal diseases. To combat with shortage of corneal donation in India, spreading awareness among masses regarding eye donation becomes important. Objectives: (1) To determine the awareness regarding eye donation amongst adults (>20 years) in an urban re-settlement colony of Delhi. (2) To assess their willingness to pledge for eye donation. (3) To determine the factors influencing their decision for eye donation. Material and Methods: This was a cross sectional study, conducted in the urban health centre attached to a medical college of Delhi between October to December 2013. Systematic random sampling was used and every alternate adult patient >20 yrs attending the UHC was recruited. Data entry and analysis was done using SPSS by a single investigator. Results: Majority (84.4%) had heard of eye donation. Only 21.2% were aware about contraindications for donating eyes. A little over quarter (27.6%) had heard of eye bank facility. When asked whether the retrieved eye can be stored before transplantation, majority (59.2%) didn’t know. More than half (54%) didn’t know which part of eye is removed. Mass media was major source of information in three forth respondents (74.9%). 45.5% were willing to pledge their eyes, a similar proportion was not willing (44.1%), five (2.4%) had already pledged and 17 (8.1%) were yet undecided to pledge. Conclusion: While majority of participants had heard of eye donation, but their knowledge regarding certain aspects of eye donation was found to be poor.


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