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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 49-54

Depression and its correlates among geriatric people: A community based study from Southern Haryana, India


1 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Govt. Medical College, Nalhar, Haryana, India
2 Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Govt. Medical College, Nalhar, Haryana, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Govt. Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Suraj Chawla
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Govt. Medical College, Nalhar, Nuh, Haryana-122107
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2395-2113.251439

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Introduction: On account of improved life expectancy, better education and health facilities in India, the proportion of the geriatric population has gone up. In India, prevalence of depression estimated to be 4.5% in the year 2015, which affects about 57 million people. Objective: To determine the prevalence of depression and its epidemiological correlates among geriatric people residing in southern Haryana, India. Material and Methods: This community based study with cross-sectional design was conducted in rural and urban field practice areas of department of Community Medicine. Geriatric people were contacted by investigators through house to house visit. Study subjects were screened for depression by using standard shorter version Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15). Pearson’s Chi-square test was used for categorical variables. Stepwise multiple logistic regression was used to find out an independent factors associated with depression. Result: A total of 308 elderly persons belonging to rural and urban areas participated in our study. Prevalence of depression (GDS score >5) among the elderly population in the present study was found to be 22.72% (95% CI: 18.2-27.8). Conclusion: Present study depicted that every fourth elderly person was suffering with depression. Nuclear family, sleep problems, not consulting elderly in decisions, chronic morbidity, lack of physical activities, and death of close relatives were identified as risk factors of depression.


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