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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 23-30

Awareness of lifestyle, occupational and host factors with respect to reproductive health among students, Western India


1 Scientist “G”, Director-in-Charge, National Institute of Occupational Health (ICMR), Ahmedabad, India
2 Division of Reproductive and Cytotoxicology, NIOH, Ahmedabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Kumar
Scientist “G”, Director-in-Charge, National Institute of Occupational Health (ICMR), Ahmedabad- 380016
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2395-2113.251887

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Introduction: Generally, students falsely believe that miscarriage/ preterm birth is uncommon and do not understand its exact causes. Students being the future of the society therefore it is worth to assess their knowledge with respect to fertility. Objectives: This study was conducted to find out the awareness about the host, lifestyle and occupational factors among students with respect to pregnancy, miscarriage and outcome. Material and Methods: Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey was conducted during November 2015 to April 2016 among the students who visited the National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH) as an observer. A total of 744 students with mean Age of 21.8±0.1 [452 from science and 292 from non-science background (comprising 312 male and 432 female)] were participated. The students were mostly from the state of Gujarat, India. Results: The results indicated that more than 83% students were aware that lifestyle habits such as smoking, tobacco chewing and alcohol consumption have adverse effects upon fertility and pregnancy. Most of the students (male- 81%; female- 86%) were also aware that depression can affect the fertility and its outcomes. Further, 75% students were knowing that stress affects pregnancy. The awareness of most of the variables was more among the female as compare to male students except only 37% female students know thatsexually transmitted diseases (STD) reduces fertility as compared to 55% male students. However, overall 63% students have correct knowledge of reproductive health variables asked. The data with respect to educational background revealed that science graduates had more knowledge regarding fertility than non-science graduates. Conclusion: Awareness about the fertility related aspects were more among female and science students as compared to male and non-science students. More knowledge among science students reflects the role of education system in imparting the knowledge about fertility. However, 37% unaware students can't be ignored and it means that awareness with respect to reproductive health still needed.


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