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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103-107

Role of smartphone technology in medical education in India

Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjeev Kumar Gupta
Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJCFM.IJCFM_42_19

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Introduction: In this era of technology, a smartphone has become a powerful tool. It is often used in communication and entertainment. It has a significant role in medical education, too. Objective: The objective of this study was to discuss the use of smartphone in medical education, its advantages and disadvantages, and challenges to its widespread use in this field. Material and Methods: A review of the literature was done in PubMed and Google Scholar for the articles related to our objective. Results: A smartphone can help a student in acquiring the study material (books, videos and updates), making better notes/record and for searching answers. It has the advantage of easily fitting into the pocket, improving the accessibility to the internet, and can be used as a mini-computer to edit documents. In the field of medical research, a smartphone can ease the review of literature and data collection. It is beneficial in resource constraint settings; help in integration of specialities and uniformity in teaching. However, it has certain disadvantages like being a costly device with a limited lifespan, prone to theft or damage, can cause dependency, information overload, distraction during class, increase in screen time, and can cause straining of eyes or sleep disturbances. Several studies have shown medical students using it for studies and they have a positive attitude toward it. Conclusion: Smartphone technology can be revolutionary for medical education if used aptly. There are certain challenges in the implementation of a smartphone in medical education in India which can be addressed through certain measures.

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