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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-24

Plant-based diet: A solution to the sustainability of life and environment


1 Executive Director, AIIMS, Bibinagar, Telangana, India
2 The Brooklyn Hospital Centre, New York, USA
3 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Priyamadhaba Behera
Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, Room No: 304, 3rd Floor, Academic Block, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar - 751 019, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcfm.ijcfm_123_20

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The entirety of food and drink that an individual continually expends is called a diet. Proper nutrition – a sufficient, all-around offset diet with regular physical activity, frames the establishment for good health. The majority of the currently prevalent dietary recommendations are based on the health benefits of different individual food products. With the rising concern regarding climate change and evidence highlighting the influence of our nutritional practices on the environment, the time has come to redefine the dietary guidelines and recommendations considering the environmental impact of diet along with the health benefits. Studies have been reliably consistent with demonstrating that an equicaloric diet rich in plant-based products and lower in animal products is beneficial to health and put a lesser burden on the earth. There are five Sustainable Developmental Goals that can be linked with our dietary practices (no poverty, no hunger, good health and well-being, responsible consumption and production, and climate change). A plant-based diet is a suitable solution to the current crisis of noncommunicable diseases and climate change. Moving on to such a dietary practice would require immense changes in the currently prevalent food system with an emphasis on better production and waste management strategies along with improvement in food delivery and consumption practices worldwide. This article brings insight regarding the benefits of a plant-based diet and the need to address the ecological impact of animal-based foods.


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